Yesterday, HUD published a study titled “Racial and Ethnic Differences in Housing Search: Final Report.” The study seeks to answer four research questions:
- How do people search for rental housing?
- How do housing searches differ by race and ethnicity?
- What are the consequences of these differences for relative housing outcomes?
- What are the implications for future research?
To answer these questions, the study used a mixed-method approach. Researchers fielded telephone interviews with a sample of 135 recent movers and 351 current searchers in the Washington, D.C. area. A subsample of 40 respondents were given a face-to-face interview. Finally, researchers also utilized three large datasets–the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), the America Housing Survey (AHS), and the Chicago Area Study (CAS)–to provide “statistically rigorous tests of racial or ethnic differences on a limited set of variables.”
While all the findings of the study are outside the scope of this short blog post, here are a few of the findings:
- When asked about barriers while searching for housing, renters stated poor credit history, lack of a security deposit, and not having transportation to get to a units;
- Most searchers said that both a unit and its neighborhood were equally important;
- Renters use their social networks to find vacancies and learn about them;
- Searchers tend to prioritize building security, landlord responsiveness, and rent; Safety and transportation are top criteria for neighborhoods;
- Price range was a primary reason for the difficulty of a search;
- Use of social networks is the most common information gathering method used by Black and Latino renters, and Black and Latino renters are more likely than White renters to use this method;
- White renters are less likely to have a failed search than are Black and Latino renters;
- Black renters report longer searches than White and Latino renters;
- People who move for school or work are more likely to use online resources; and
- Involuntary movers are more likely to end a search with less favorable outcomes because of constrained alternatives.
There is much more in the full report, which NAHRO staff has only begun to read.
The full study can be found here.